The Employment Situation of Immigrants and Natives in the First Quarter of 2016

CIS — The number and percentage of native-born Americans officially unemployed have improved. But the official unemployment rate only includes those who have looked for a job in the last four weeks. The number and share of working-age (16 to 65) natives not in the labor force (not working or looking for work) has barely improved in the last year. Moreover, the number of working-age (16 to 65) natives holding a job in the first quarter of 2016 was about the same as it was in the first quarter of 2007. In contrast, the number of working-age immigrants holding a job is 2.5 million higher than in 2016.

  • The unemployment rate for natives in the first quarter of 2016 was 5.5 percent (6.9 million). Despite recent improvements, this is still higher than the 5.0 percent rate in the first quarter of 2007 and the 4.5 percent rate in the first quarter of 2000.1
  • In addition to the unemployed, 28 percent (48.5 million) of working-age (16 to 65) natives were not in the labor force — not working or looking for work. This is much higher than the 25.3 percent rate (42.1 million) in the same quarter of 2007 and the 22.9 percent rate (35.7 million) in 2000.
  • Combining those not in the labor force who are of working age and all those unemployed shows 55.4 million working-age, native-born Americans without jobs in the first quarter of 2016, compared to 41.1 million in the same quarter of 2000.2
  • There were also 11.0 million working-age immigrants unemployed or not in the labor force in the first quarter of 2016.3
  • In addition to those unemployed and not in the labor force, there were 6.2 million natives and immigrants working part-time, but looking for full-time work.4
  • In total, there were 72.6 million natives and immigrants unemployed, not in the labor force (16 to 65), or forced to work part-time in the first quarter of 2016.5

ANALYSIS OF THE “H-1B AND L-1 VISA REFORM ACT OF 2015” — CIS

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