What Mexico Can Learn From Declining Violence in 2 Border States

INSIGHT CRIME — A new study examining the evolution of security in the Mexican states of Nuevo León and Chihuahua may offer lessons for the rest of the nation, though many of the successes could be difficult to replicate.

The study was published in the February edition of the Mexican magazine Este País. As authors Arturo Ramírez Verdugo and Reyes Ruiz González point out, recent security developments in both states share similarities. Both states saw an extreme deterioration in security after longtime criminal allies split apart, during the era of President Felipe Calderon. This was followed by a dramatic drop in violence in recent years.

According to the National Public Security System (SNSP), murders in Chihuahua peaked in 2010 with nearly 4,000. The figure topped out the following year in Nuevo León with 2,003 killings. However, in 2015 murders in Chihuahua and Nuevo Leon had slipped to 945 and 451, respectively, drops of just over 75 percent in both cases. The Este País study seeks to uncover what is behind the decline in homicides.

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